Smoking is the single most preventable cause of death and disability in the world today. Currently 5.4 million deaths every year (average of one person death by smoking every six seconds) and without urgent action taken by 2030 there will be more than 8 million deaths every year. Tobacco is the legal consumer product that can harm everyone expose to it – and it kills up to half of those who use it as intended.
Facts on Tobacco and Smoking
- Tobacco smoking is the practice where tobacco is burned and the vapors either tasted or inhaled.The practice began as early as 5000-3000 BC.
- All type tobacco products including cigarette, kreteks, pipes, cigars, are harmful and damaging. Electronic cigarette is also harmful and the chemical additives in this product could be toxic. (WHO)
- Smoking causes :
lung cancer, oral cancer, kidney cancer and stomach cancer.
Lung diseases such as bronchitis, asthma and increased risk of TBC,
Heart diseases such as ischaemic heart diseases, stroke.
Impotency and fertility men and women.
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), Premature delivery.
4. Cigarette smoke contains over 4000 chemicals, including 43 known carcinogenic (cancer-cause substance) compounds and 400 other toxic substances. These include nicotine, tar, carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, ammonia, hygrogen cyanide, arsenic and DDT. The most damaging chemical is Tar, which is a carcinogenic that is a substance that cause cancer, Nicotine which is highly addictive 5-10 times stronger than cocain and morfin, increase the smoker’s cholesterol level, Carbon monoxide which has the effect of reducing the oxygen in the bodty and gases including benzene and particles that cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder.
5. About 40% of all children are regularly exposed to second-hand smoke at home. Thirty-one per cent of the deaths attributable to second-hand smoke occur in children. Youths exposed to second-hand smoke at home are one-and-a-half to two times more likely to start smoking than those not exposed.
6. The latest statistics show that over two thirds of smokers would like to quit smoking, but that they need help and support to achieve their aim. Smokers are addicted to nicotine, so quitting smoking is more difficult than just deciding to stop; it is a battle to break an addiction